2018年国家教师教师资格:英语教学策略

来源:山香教育 时间:2018-11-02 责任编辑:jiameng

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英语教学中涉及到的教学策略

新课改的教学观指出:教学由以前的“教给学生知识”转变为“教会学生学习”。由此可见,教会学生怎样学习,如何学会思考已成为目前教育界许多研究者所关注的焦点,从而学习策略的研究也就成为了教育界所关注的问题。尤其是在教师考试面试中,不管是试讲还是说课,都强调在教学中要融入学习方法和学习策略。

教育部制定的《全日制义务教育英语课程标准(实验)解读》将“学习策略”定义为“是对学习方法的选择和使用”或“是对学习方法的认识和理解”。而在《高中英语课程标准》中将“学习策略”定义为“学生为了更有效的学习和使用外语而采取的各种行动和步骤”。为了让大家能在英语面试中灵活地应用教学策略,给大家整理如下:

Listening strategies:

1、Prediction:

 Before you listen, read the questions carefully.

 Try to think of possible answers.

 Use your general knowledge to think of possible answers.

2、Getting prepared for listening

Before listening, make sure you understand the task.

If possible, try to guess the answer.

3、 Listening for understanding the general idea

 Don’t worry if you can’t understand everything.

 Listen for important words and phrases to help you answer the questions.

 Try to link words to topics.

 When you listen the first time, don’t panic! You will not understand everything--just try to get the general idea and take notes.

 The second time you listen, listen carefully and try to note down the answers.

 Listen more than once, if possible.

4、Listening for specific information

 Make sure you know what you have to do. E.g. Complete a table, fill in the blanks.

 As you listen, make notes and use abbreviations, e.g. Poll.(=pollution), O-F.(=over-fishing).

 Use the headings or topics from the table to help you while you are listening.

 If you miss some information, write a question mark to remind you to listen especially carefully the second time.

Reading strategies:

1、Prediction:

 Before you read a text, look at the title, photographs and drawings.

 Read the first two or three lines of the text.

 Try to guess what the text is going to be about.

2、Working out meaning

 Find the word in the text.

 Is the word a noun, verb, adjective,etc?

 Think about the context.

3、Multiple-choice questions

 Read the question and answers.

 Try to guess the correct answer.

 Find the place in the text wher you think the answer is.

 Read the text and check your answer.

 Make sure the other two answers are not possible.

4、Self-assessment

 After you read, think about how difficult the text was for you to understand.(e.g. Quiet difficult because of a lot of new words)

 Think about how difficult the tasks were for you.

 List the strategies you used to help you. (E.g. Using the picture to predict answers, guessing multiple-choice questions, working out meaning of words.)

5、Making contextual connections

 Read the whole text to get the general idea.

 Look at the missing sentences and read the paragraphs with gaps in detail.

 Choose the missing sentence, a) to e), from the list. Make sure the topic of the sentence matches the topic of the paragraph.

 Make sure that the sentence fits in with the sentences before and after it. Look for time references, pronoun references or contrasting ideas.

6、Matching topics/paragraphs

 Read each paragraph carefully.

 Pay attention to the first sentence of each paragraph as it often introduces the main idea.

 Identify 3-5 of the most important words and underline them with a pencil.

 Look at the list of topics and match them to the paragraphs.

 Check that the extra topic does not match any of the paragraphs.

Speaking strategies:

1、group work

 Always try to speak in English.

 Don’t interrupt other people.

 Respect other people’s ideas.

 Choose a secretary to make notes of your group’s decisions.

2、Preparation for discussion

 Make notes about your opinions.

 Think of reason to support your opinions.

 Practice saying your opinions.


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