Before you listen, read the questions carefully.
Try to think of possible answers.
Use your general knowledge to think of possible answers.
2、Getting prepared for listening
Before listening, make sure you understand the task.
If possible, try to guess the answer.
3、 Listening for understanding the general idea
Don’t worry if you can’t understand everything.
Listen for important words and phrases to help you answer the questions.
Try to link words to topics.
When you listen the first time, don’t panic! You will not understand everything--just try to get the general idea and take notes.
The second time you listen, listen carefully and try to note down the answers.
Listen more than once, if possible.
4、Listening for specific information
Make sure you know what you have to do. E.g. Complete a table, fill in the blanks.
As you listen, make notes and use abbreviations, e.g. Poll.(=pollution), O-F.(=over-fishing).
Use the headings or topics from the table to help you while you are listening.
If you miss some information, write a question mark to remind you to listen especially carefully the second time.
Before you read a text, look at the title, photographs and drawings.
Read the first two or three lines of the text.
Try to guess what the text is going to be about.
2、Working out meaning
Find the word in the text.
Is the word a noun, verb, adjective,etc?
Think about the context.
Read the question and answers.
Try to guess the correct answer.
Find the place in the text wher you think the answer is.
Read the text and check your answer.
Make sure the other two answers are not possible.
After you read, think about how difficult the text was for you to understand.(e.g. Quiet difficult because of a lot of new words)
Think about how difficult the tasks were for you.
List the strategies you used to help you. (E.g. Using the picture to predict answers, guessing multiple-choice questions, working out meaning of words.)
5、Making contextual connections
Read the whole text to get the general idea.
Look at the missing sentences and read the paragraphs with gaps in detail.
Choose the missing sentence, a) to e), from the list. Make sure the topic of the sentence matches the topic of the paragraph.
Make sure that the sentence fits in with the sentences before and after it. Look for time references, pronoun references or contrasting ideas.
Read each paragraph carefully.
Pay attention to the first sentence of each paragraph as it often introduces the main idea.
Identify 3-5 of the most important words and underline them with a pencil.
Look at the list of topics and match them to the paragraphs.
Check that the extra topic does not match any of the paragraphs.
Always try to speak in English.
Don’t interrupt other people.
Respect other people’s ideas.
Choose a secretary to make notes of your group’s decisions.
2、Preparation for discussion
Make notes about your opinions.
Think of reason to support your opinions.
Practice saying your opinions.