2018年国家教师教师资格:英语形容词副词(下)

来源:山香教育 时间:2018-11-02 责任编辑:jiameng

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三、常见副词用法辨析

1.alreadyyet的区别

already用于肯定句句中,表示“已经”;yet用于否定句句末,表示“还”,用于疑问句句末,表示“已经”

He had already left when I called.

Have you found your ruler yet

2 verymuchvery much.的区别

very用于修饰形容词或副词的原级;much用于修饰形容词或副词的比较级;修饰动词要用very much.

John is very honest.

This garden is much bigger than that one.

Thank you very much.

3.sosuch的区别

so修饰形容词或副词;such 修饰名词,

My brother runs so fast that I cant follow him.

He is such a boy.

so+形容词=a/an+可数名词单数

such+a/an+形容词+可数名词单数

such+形容词+可数名词复数/不可数名词

He is so clever .=He is a clever boy.

It is such cold weather.

They are such good students.

⑶名词前有many ,much, few ,little (少量的) so 不用such .(多多少少仍用so) little 表示―小的用such.

There are such little sheep on the hill .

4.alsotooas welleither 的区别alsoas welltoo,用于肯定句,also常用于be动词,情态动词,助动词之后,行为动词之前;as welltoo用于句末;either用于否定句中,置于句末。

例如,

My father is a teacher. My mother is also a teacher.

=My father is a teacher. My mother is a teacher too.

=My father is a teacher. My mother is a teacheras well.

I cant speak French,Jenny cant speak Frencheither.

5. sometimesometimessome timesome times的区别

sometime:表示将来的或过去的某一个不确定的时间。

sometimes:有时,不时的= at times

some time:一段时间

some times:几次,几倍

Well have a test sometime next month.

Sometimes we are busy and sometimes we are not.

He stayed in Beijing for some time last year.

I have been to Beijing some times.

6.agobefore的区别

ago表示以现在为起点的“以前”,常与一般过去时连用,不可以单独使用。before指过去或将来的某时刻“以前”,也可泛指以前,常和完成时连用,可以单独使用。

I saw him ten minutes ago.

He told me that he had seen the film before.

7.nowjustjust now的区别

now:与一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时连用,意为“现在”

just:与现在完成时连用,表示“刚......”

just now:和过去时连用,表示“刚才”

Wher does he live now?

We have just seen the film.

He was here just now.

8.lonely / alone 的区别

1).alone 独自一人/没有同伴, 既可作adj 也可作adv.

2).lonely 表示孤独,寂寞, 也可修饰地点,表示荒凉,偏僻的,常与feel 连用。

3).alone 只作表语(a开头的形容词一般只作表语,不作定语)lonely 既可作表语,

可作定语

He lives lonely on a alone island .

He is alone ,but he doesnt feel lonely .

9.fast /quickly /soon 的区别

fast 表示速度之快 quickly表示动作之快 soon表示时间之快

Im leaving home this afternoon . Really ? Why so ______?

A.fast   B.soon   C.quickly   D.early

 


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